ABC of Safety in the Biological Sciences




3-methyl-1-butanol, alcohol isoamylique, isoamylol, isopentyl alcohol, isoamyl alcohol.
Possible carcinogen.
Keep away from eyes and skin.
Avoid inhalation and ingestion.
Keep away from heat or naked flames.
Keep away from strong oxidising and reducing agents.
Colourless liquid with a disagreeable odour.
Flammable substance. Narcotic, the odour threshold is less than the TLV (100ppm). Has produced tumours in laboratory animals although it is not classified as a carcinogen in Australia. The vapours cause eye and respiratory tract irritation. The liquid causes severe eye irritation. There appear to be no harmful effects from skin contact except that prolonged exposure can cause drying and cracking. Exposure to high concentrations of vapour can cause headache, dizziness, nausea vomiting with eventual unconsciousness. Ingestion causes weakness, pain, burning, headache, dizziness, nausea nand unconsciousness. Coma and death may follow.
Skin - Immediately wash the affected area with soap or mild detergent and large amounts of water until all evidence of the chemical has been removed (approximately 15 minutes). If irritation or dermatitis develops seek medical advice. Remove contaminated clothing and shoes and decontaminate before re-use.
Eyes - Immediately wash the affected eye with large amounts of water until all evidence of the chemical has been removed (approximately 15 minutes). If irritation or pain persists seek immediate medical attention.
Inhalation - Remove from the area of exposure to fresh air. Keep warm and allow to rest. If breathing has stopped give artificial respiration. Seek immediate medical attention.
Ingestion - Never give anything by mouth if the victim is losing consciousness, is unconscious or convulsing. Rinse the mouth thoroughly with water. Do not induce vomiting. Seek immediate medical attention.
Incompatible with strong oxidising agents and reducing agents with which there can be a vigorous reaction.
Heating produces toxic compounds of carbon.
Store in a cool, dry, well ventilated atmosphere out of direct sunlight and away from heat and incompatible substances.
Wear protective clothing. A long sleeved laboratory coat or gown with elasticised wrist bands, rubber gloves (neoprene) and safety goggles as a minimum standard.
Dispose of in a high temperature incinerator equipped with afterburner and scrubber. Some authorities may accept for secure landfill.
No data available.


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