ABC of Safety in the Biological Sciences - Photographic Chemicals

 

ABC of Safety in the Biological Sciences

 


 

PHOTOGRAPHIC CHEMICALS

COMPANY ­ KODAK

(1) Kodalith Developer (Parts A & B)
Part A:
Contains: Sodium formaldehyde bisulphite 80­85%, Hydroquinone 15­20%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Skin and eye irritant, may form allergic skin reaction and dust may cause respiratory tract irritation. If splashed into eyes flush with water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Immediately wash any affected areas of skin. Safety gloves and glasses should be worn during use.

Part B:
Contains: Alkali bicarbonate mixture 95­99%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Skin and eye irritant, may form allergic skin reaction. In case of eye contact flush with water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Immediately wash any affected areas of skin. Safety gloves and glasses should be worn during use.

(2) Developer D11 (Slightly toxic)
Contains: Sodium sulphite 60­65%
Sodium carbonate 25­30%
Hydroquinone 5­10%
p­Methylaminophenol sulphate <1%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Skin and eye irritant, may form allergic skin reaction. Dust may cause upper respiratory tract irritation. May be harmful if swallowed. If inhaled treat symptomatically. Splashes to eyes ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical attention. Skin contact ­ wash affected area. If ingested rinse mouth and induce vomiting. Seek medical advice. Store away from acids. Safety gloves and glasses should be worn during use

(3) Developer D19 (Slightly toxic)
Contains: Sodium sulphite 55­60%
Sodium carbonate 30­35%
Hydroquinone 5­10%
p­Methylaminophenol sulphate <5%
Same as D11 ­ different concentrations

(4) Developer Dektol (Slightly toxic)
Contains: Sodium carbonate monohydrate 40­60%
Sodium sulphite 20­40%
Hydroquinone 5­10%
p­Methylaminophenol sulphate <5%
Same as D11 and D19 ­ different concentrations

(5) Developer ­ Super Rapid Access
Contains: Water 60­70%
Potassium sulphite 15­20%
Hydroquinone 5­10%
Sodium carbonate 1­5%
Potassium hydroxide 1­5%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Skin and eye irritant ­ may cause allergic skin reaction. In case of eye contact immediately flush with water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Affected skin areas should be washed immediately with soap and water. Incompatible with strong acids. Safety glasses and gloves should be warn during use.

(6) Developer RP X­OMAT (Parts A, B & C)
Part A:
Contains: Water 55­60%
Potassium/sodium sulphite 20­25%
Hydroquinone 5­10%
Potassium hydroxide 1­5%
Sodium carbonate 1­5%
Diethylene glycol 1­5%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Skin and eye irritant ­ may cause allergic skin reaction. In case of eye contact, immediately flush with water for 15 minutes, seek medical advice. Affected skin areas should be washed immediately with soap and water. Incompatible with strong oxidisers, strong acids. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn during use.

Part B:
Contains: Acetic acid 85­90%
1-phenyl­3­pyrazolidone 10­15%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant and corrosive to skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Skin or eye contact causes severe burns. In case of eye contact immediately flush with water for 15 minutes and seek prompt medical assistance. Affected skin areas should be washed immediately with water. If inhaled remove affected person to fresh air, treat symptomatically, if necessary seek medical advice. Incompatible with strong oxidisers and strong alkalis. Fire and excessive heat may cause hazardous decomposition products. Safety goggles or face shield and gloves should be worn during use.

Part C:
Contains: Water 50­55%
Glutaraldehyde 45­50%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Causes severe skin and eye burns, can cause allergic skin reaction and is harmful if swallowed. Should only be used with adequate ventilation as vapours are also very harmful especially to the eyes and respiratory tract. In case of eye contact flush with water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Affected skin areas should be washed immediately with water. If inhaled remove affected person to fresh air ­ treat symptomatically and if necessary seek medical assistance. Incompatible with strong alkalis. Safety goggles and gloves should be worn during use.

(7) Developer Technidol LC
Contains: Sodium sulphite 90­95%
1­phenyl­3­pyrazolidinone 5­10%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to skin, eyes, respiratory tract and may be harmful if ingested. In case of eye contact flush with water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Affected skin areas should be washed immediately with water. If ingested induce vomiting and seek medical advice immediately. Incompatible with strong acids. Safety goggles and gloves should be worn during use.

(8) Rapid Fixer (Parts A & B)
Part A:
Contains: Water 40­50%
Ammonium thiosulphate 40­50%
Sodium acetate 5­10%
Boric acid <5%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Harmful if ingested. Eye or skin contact should be flushed immediately. Incompatible with strong alkali

Part B:
Contains: Water 65­75%
Aluminium sulphate 10­20%
Sulphuric acid 10­15%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is corrosive and an irritant to eyes and skin. In case of eye contact immediately flush with water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Affected skin areas should be washed immediately with water. If ingested ­ give large quantities of water or milk. DO NOT induce vomiting, seek medical advice immediately. Incompatible with alkali.

(9) Kodak E­6 Process ­ Fixer (Aqueous mixture)
Contains: Water 45­50%
Ammonium thiosulphate 40­45%
Sodium bisulphite 5­10%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Low hazard substance. In case of contact flush affected area with plenty of water. Incompatible with mineral acids.

(10) Kodak E­6 Process ­ First Developer
Contains: Water 55­60%
Potassium sulphite 10­15%
Potassium carbonate 5­10%
Diethyleneglycol 5­10%
Potassium hydroquinone monosulphate 5­10%
Sodium bicarbonate 5­10%
Potassium hydroxide 1­5%
Sodium bromide 1­5%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
May cause allergic skin reaction. Any material that contacts the eyes may be irritating, the contact area should be flushed immediately. Incompatible with strong acids. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling the substance.

(11) Kodak E­6 Process ­ Conditioner
Contains: Water 85­90%
Potassium sulphite 5­10%
1­thioglycerol
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
May cause allergic skin reaction. May be harmful if swallowed, induce vomiting, seek immediate medical advice. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

(12) Kodak E­6 Process ­ Colour Developer (Parts A & B)
Part A:
Contains: Water 80­85%
Potassium phosphate 10­15%
Potassium hydroxide 1­5%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Corrosive to skin and eyes and may cause burns to oesophagus if ingested. Eye or skin contact ­ flush with water for 15 minutes and seek medical aid. If ingested DO NOT induce vomiting. Give water or milk and seek immediate medical assistance. Incompatible with strong acids. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance. Spills neutralised with sodium bisulphate.

Part B:
Contains: Water 70­80%
4­(N­ethyl­N­2­methanesulphonylaminoethyl)­ 2­methylphenylenediamine Sesquisulphate monohydrate 15­20%
Sodium metabisulphite <1%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to eyes skin and respiratory tract and may be harmful if ingested. May cause allergic skin reaction. Eye or skin contact ­ flush with water for 15 minutes and seek medical aid. If ingested rinse mouth and induce vomiting. Seek immediate medical assistance. Incompatible with strong oxidisers and strong bases. Wash away any spills with water. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

(13) Kodak E­6 Process ­ Bleach (Parts A &
Part A:
Contains: Water 50­60%
Ammonium [(ethylenedinitrilo)tetra aceto] ferrate 15­20%
Ammonium bromide 10­15%
Hydrobromic acid <5%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Low hazard substance ­ good laboratory practice should be followed.

Part B:
Contains: Water 65­70%
EDTA potassium salt 25­30%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Low hazard substance ­ good laboratory practice should be followed.

(14) Kodak E­6 Process ­ Reversal Bath and Replenisher
Contains: Water 50­55%
Sodium propionate 15­20%
Chelated triphosphonate 5­10%
Sodium phosphonate 5­10%
Propionic acid <5%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Low hazard substance ­ in case of contact flush affected area with water ­ good laboratory practice should be followed.

(15) Kodak E­6 Process ­ Stabiliser and Replenisher
Contains: Water 75­80%
Formaldehyde 15­25%
Methanol 5­10%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant and corrosive to skin, eyes, nose and throat. May cause allergic skin reactions. Eye or skin contact ­ flush with water for 15 minutes and seek medical aid. Systemic toxic spills can be neutralised with sodium metabisulphite. Safety glasses and gloves should be used when handling the substance

COMPANY ­ ILFORD

(1) Developer ID­11
Parts A and B:
Contains: Hydroquinone 70%
4­Methylaminophenolsulphate 30%
Borax 3%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the eyes, skin and respiratory tract. Ingestion may be harmful and allergic skin reactions may occur. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas with soap and water. If ingested induce vomiting and seek medical advice. Incompatible with mineral acids. Sulphur dioxide is released on decomposition. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

(2) Cibachrome P­30 Process ­ Developer Additive
Contains: Cinanmic acid disulphite 2.5%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the skin and eyes. Ingestion may be harmful. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas. If ingested, induce vomiting and seek medical advice. Incompatible with strong oxidising agents.
Spills ­ absorb excess with charcoal sand etc. Remove to waste. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

(3) Cibachrome P­30 Process ­ Developer A & B
Contains: Potassium carbonate
Hydroquinone 7.6%
Acetic acid 0.8%
2 (ethoxy) ethanol 47.8%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the eyes and skin. Ingestion or inhalation may cause nausea, dizziness and collapse. Allergic skin reactions may occur. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes. Seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas. If ingested induce vomiting and seek medical advice. If inhaled remove to fresh air. Incompatible with mineral acids. Sulphur dioxide released on decomposition. Spills ­ absorb with charcoal, sand etc. Remove to waste. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling the substance.

(4) Cibachrome P­30 Process ­ Fixer
Contains: N­methyl­2­pyrolidone 6­7%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the eyes and skin. Ingestion may be harmful. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes, seek medical advice. Wash affected skin area with water. If ingested induce vomiting. Incompatible with mineral acids ­ produces sulphur dioxide on decomposition. Spills ­ absorb with charcoal, sand etc. Remove to waste. Safety glasses and gloves should be used when handling this substance.

(5) Cibachrome P­30 Process ­ Bleach
(Parts A, B & C)
Contains: p Toluene sulphuric acid
2 ethoxy ethanol
Potassium carbonate
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the skin and eyes. Ingestion may be harmful. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas with soap and water. If Part A ingested DO NOT induce vomiting ­ give milk or magnesia. If Part B or C ingested induce vomiting. When mixed as working solution DO NOT induce vomiting ­ give milk of magnesia. In all cases seek medical advice. Part A and C incompatible with strong oxidising agents. Spills Part A ­ neutralising with bicarbonate ­ then run to waste. Part B ­ Absorb with charcoal, sand etc. ­ Incinerate waste. Part C ­ Flush to waste. Safety glasses and gloves should be used when handling this substance.

(6) Hypam Hardener
Contains: Aluminium chloride 14%
Acetic Acid 14%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is corrosive and an irritant to the skin and eyes. Ingestion may be harmful, may cause vomiting, nausea and circulatory disturbances. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin area with soap and water. If ingested give milk or water ­ DO NOT induce vomiting ­ seek medical advice. Do not overheat ­ gives off chloride fumes. Spills ­ run to waste with excess of water. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

(7) Ilford Acetic Acid 90%

(8) Hypam Rapid Fixer
Contains: Acetic acid 3%
Borax 4%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the skin and eyes. Ingestion may cause nausea and vomiting. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin area with soap and water. If ingested induce vomiting ­ seek medical assistance. Incompatible with mineral acids ­ decomposition produces sulphur dioxide. Spills ­ flush to waste. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

(9) Ilfospeed Developer
Contains: Diethylene glycol 11%
Hydroquinone 2%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the eyes, skin and mucous membranes. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas with soap and water. If ingested give water then diluted lemon juice. Seek medical advice immediately. Incompatible with mineral acids, decomposition produces sulphur dioxide. Spills flush to waste. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

COMPANY ­ AGFA GEVAERT

(1) Process 44 ­ Colour Developer 44CD
(Parts A & B)
Part A:
Contains: Alkali phosphate 5­10%
Alkali sulphite 1­5%
Alkali bromide 0­1%
Phosphoric acid derivative 1­5%
Citrazinic acid 0­1%
Potassium hydroxide 2%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the eyes, skin and mucous membranes. Ingestion may be harmful. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas with soap and water. If ingested give water then diluted lemon juice. Seek medical advice immediately. Avoid temperature below 0°C and above 40°C. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

Part B:
Contains: p­phenylediamine 10­30%
Alkali sulphite 1­5%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the eyes and skin, may cause allergic skin reactions. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas with soap and water. If ingested give large quantities of water. Induce vomiting and seek medical advice. Avoid temperatures below 0°C and above 40°C. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

(2) Neutol
Contains: Alkali carbonate <50%
Alkali sulphite <50%
Alkali bromide <10%
Hydroquinone <10%
EDTA ­ alkali salt <10%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the eyes and skin. May cause allergic skin reactions. Ingestion may cause gastrointestinal irritation. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas with soap and water. If ingested give warm salt water to drink and induce vomiting. Seek medical advice immediately. Avoid temperatures below 0°C and above 40°C. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

(3) Rodinal
Contains: Alkali sulphite <50%
Alkali bromide <10%
Amino phenol <10%
Alkali hydroxide <03%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the eyes, skin and mucous membranes. May cause allergic skin reaction. Ingestion may be harmful. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas with soap and water. If ingested give large quantities of water then diluted lemon juice. Seek medical assistance immediately. Avoid temperatures below 0°C and above 40°C. Neutralise spills with diluted acid ­ flush to waste. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

(4) Fixer G334c (Parts A & B)
Part A:
Contains: Ammonium thiosulphate 50%
Boric acid 1.9%
Sodium sulphite 4.0%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is an irritant to the eyes and skin. Ingestion may be harmful. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas with soap and water. If ingested give water then seek medical advice. Avoid contact with strong acids ­ sulphur dioxide produced. Spills ­ flush to waste with excess water. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.

Part B:
Contains: Acetic acid 16%
Aluminium sulphate 12%
HEALTH HAZARD DATA
Is a strong irritant to skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Harmful if ingested or inhaled. Eye contact ­ flush with running water for 15 minutes and seek medical advice. Wash affected skin areas with soap and water. If ingested give large quantities of water and seek medical advice immediately. Spills ­ flush to waste with excess water. Safety glasses and gloves should be worn when handling this substance.
ENVIRONMENT:

 


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