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Author Topic: Microglia Staining Protocol (DAB) for Paraffin Sections  (Read 4445 times)

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Offline ihcwor2

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Microglia Staining Protocol (DAB) for Paraffin Sections
« on: March 12, 2003, 08:39:28 PM »
Microglia Staining Protocol (DAB) for Paraffin Sections

Solutions and Reagents

A.   10X Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS):
To prepare 1 liter,
Na2HPO4 ------------------ 10.9 g
NaH2PO4 ------------------ 3.2 g
NaCl ------------------------ 90 g
Distilled water ----------- 1000 ml
Mix to dissolve and adjust pH to 7.4

B.   Antigen Retrieval Solution:
10mM Sodium Citrate Buffer (The most commonly used antigen retrieval reagent):
To prepare 1000 ml,
Sodium citrate ------------- 2.94 g
Distilled water ------------- 1000 ml
Adjust pH to 6.0

Selection of antigen retrieval techniques is crucial for successful staining of paraffin sections. Different antibodies may require different antigen retrieval techniques and need to be tested prior to application of actual projects.

C.   3% Hydrogen Peroxide:
To prepare 100 ml,
30% H2O2 ---------------- 10 ml
PBS or methanol ------- 90 ml

D.   Blocking Solution:
1% BSA in PBS:
To prepare 100 ml
BSA ----------------------- 1 g
PBS ----------------------- 100 ml
Stir to dissolve.

E.   Biotinylated lectin RCA-1:
      Concentration range: 5-25 ug/ml.

F.   ABC Reagent:
Depending on sensitivity and morphological requirements, there are varieties of ABC kits and reagents can be selected from. The most commonly used one is VECTASTAIN ABC Kit from Vector Laboratories.      

G.   DAB Reagent:
0.02% DAB and 0.003% H2O2 in PBS
To prepare 100 ml
DAB ----------------------- 20 mg
PBS ----------------------- 100 ml
Stir to dissolve. Add 10 ul of 30% H2O2 and filter. Use the solution immediately.


1.   Deparaffinize sections in xylene for 3x5min.
2.   Hydrate with 100% ethanol for 2x5min.
3.   Hydrate with 95% ethanol for 2x5min.
4.   Rinse in distilled water.

5.   Antigen Retrieval: (Select an appropriate antigen retrieval technique and it depends on antibodies used).
6.   Rinse sections in PBS for 1x5min.

7.   Hydrogen Peroxide: incubate sections in 3% H2O2 in PBS (or methanol) for 10-15 minutes to block endogenous peroxidase activity.
8.   Rinse in PBS for 1x2min.

9.   Blocking: incubate sections with 1% BSA in PBS to block non-specific binding.
10.   Rinse in PBS for 1x2min.                                                                        

11.   Lectin RCA-1: Incubate sections in biotinylated lectin RCA-1 for 1 hour at room temperature.
12.   Rinse in PBS for 3x5min.

13.   ABC: incubate sections with ABC complex or HRP-streptavidin reagent in PBS for 30 minutes at room temperature.
14.   Rinse in PBS for 3x5min.

15.   DAB: incubate sections with DAB solution for 2-10 minutes.
16.   Rinse in distilled water 2x5min.

17.   Counterstain with hematoxylin if desire.
18.   Rinse in distilled water 2x5min.
19.   Dehydrate through 95% ethanol for 5min, 100% ethanol for 2x5min.
20.   Clear in xylene for 2x5min.

21.   Coverslip with mounting medium.


1.   Microglia ---------------------------------- brown
2.   Nuclei -------------------------------------- blue

Although endothelia cells and blood cells reacted with RCA-1, they were easily distinguished morphologically from microglia. Astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and neurons did not react with RCA-1.

Microglia Staining Protocol (DAB) for Paraffin Sections
« on: March 12, 2003, 08:39:28 PM »