CD44 Antibody Staining Protocol for Immunohistochemistry


Description: The CD44 gene, which is a transmembrane protein, is expressed as a family of molecular isoforms generated from alternative RNA splicing and posttranslational modifications. The gene, which contains 19 exons spanning some 50 kb of genomic DNA, is a widely expressed integral membrane protein that acts as a receptor for hyaluronan (HA) and is important to cell-extracellular matrix interaction. CD44 binding with HA can play an important role in cellular aggregation and tumor cell growth. CD44 is necessary for limb development and functions in a novel growth factor presentation mechanism.A specific CD44 splice variant is crucial for the proliferation of these mesenchymal cells. CD44 glycoproteins are involved in leukocyte extravasation but also in the regulation of growth factor activation, stability, and signaling. Moreover, it plays a pivotal role in arteriogenesis.


Primary Antibody

Name: CD44 IHC Antibody

Clone: Rabbit Polyclonal

Supplier: IHC World

Catalog Number: IW-PA1021

Dilution: Ready to Use

Incubation Time/Temp: 60 min/room temperature

Antigen Retrieval
Device: IHC-TekTM Epitope Retrieval Steamer Set (Cat# IW-1102)
Buffer/pH value: IHC-TekTM Epitope Retrieval Solution (Cat# IW-1100)
Heat/Cool Temperature: 95-100 ºC/room temperature
Heat/Cool Time: 20 minutes/20 minutes

Detection Methods
Standard Method: ABC Method or LSAB Method
Enhanced Method: Polymeric Methods

Chromogen Substrate
Reagent: DAB
Incubation Time/Temperature: 1-3 minutes/room temperature

Reagent: Mayer's Hematoxylin
Staining Time: 30 seconds

Staining Pattern: Cell membrane
Images: Search image

Additional Information:
Species Reactivity: Human, mouse, rat
Fixation: Formalin fixed paraffin embedded sections or acetone fixed frozen sections and cultured cells.
Positive Control: Human tonsil, thymus, spleen, lung, kidney, skin
Negative Control: Omit primary antibody, isotype control, absorption control
Blocking: Normal serum blocking is not needed for this RTU antibody; 0.5-3% H2O2 to block endogenous peroxidase activity; avidin/biotin to block endogenous biotin activity if necessary