Collagen Type IV Antibody Staining Protocol for Immunohistochemistry


Description: Collagen type IV is a major component of basement membranes, such as those associated with capillaries and within glomeruli. This antibody will help detect collagen type IV and determine the presence of an intact basal lamina in normal tissues or the loss of structure as seen in various carcinomas.


Primary Antibody

Name: Collagen Type IV Antibody

Clone: PHM-12, Mouse anti-Human

Supplier: Vector Labs

Catalog Number: VP-C388

Dilution: 1:100 using IHC-TekTM Antibody Diluent (Cat# IW-1000 or IW-1001) to reduce background and unspecific staining and serum blocking step is NOT needed.

Incubation Time/Temp: 60 minutes/room temperature

Antigen Retrieval
Device: Steamer, Incubator
Buffer/pH value: Citrate buffer/pH 6.0 for 20 minutes and let sections cool for 5-10 minutes. Then followed immediately by Proteinase K digestion for 30 seconds at 37 °C. Cool sections for another 10 minutes at room temperature.
Heat/Cool Temperature: 95-100 ºC/room temperature for citrate buffer retrieval, 37ºC/room temperature for proteinase K digestion.
Heat/Cool Time: follow instruction above

Detection Methods
Standard Method: ABC Method or LSAB Method
Enhanced Method: Polymeric Methods

Chromogen Substrate
Reagent: DAB
Incubation Time/Temperature: 1-3 minutes/room temperature

Reagent: Mayer's Hematoxylin
Staining Time: 30 seconds

Staining Pattern: Membrane
Images: Search image

Additional Information:
Tissue Type: Kidney, skin
Fixation: Formalin fixed paraffin sections, or acetone fixed frozen sections
Positive Control: Kidney, skin
Negative Control: Omit primary antibody, isotype control or absorption control
Blocking: 2-5% normal serum to reduce unspecific background staining; 0.5-3% H2O2 to block endogenous peroxidase activity; avidin/biotin to block endogenous biotin activity if necessary


There is no need to perform antigen retrieval on frozen sections