Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide Receptor (GIP-R) Antibody Staining Protocol for Immunohistochemistry


Description: Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide Receptor is a member of the G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR, or GPR) family (subfamily Gastric inhibitory polypeptide). Members of this family contain 7 transmembrane domains and transduce extracellular signals through heterotrimeric G proteins. Gastric inhibitory polypeptide receptor is a receptor for gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), this is a 42-amino acid polypeptide synthesized by K cells of the duodenum and small intestine. It was originally identified as an activity in gut extracts that inhibited gastric acid secretion and gastrin release, but subsequently was demonstrated to stimulate insulin release potently in the presence of elevated glucose. The insulinotropic effect on pancreatic islet beta-cells was then recognized to be the principal physiologic action of GIP. Together with glucagon-like peptide-1, GIP is largely responsible for the secretion of insulin after eating. It is involved in several other facets of the anabolic response. GIPR expression has been reported in human bone, fetal adrenal, and pancreas. Little expression has been identified in normal adult adrenal, but overexpression of GIPR has been observed in the adrenal in food-dependent Cushing's syndrome. GIPR expression has been identified in rat brain, heart, pancreas, and small intestine. ESTs have been isolated from colon libraries.


Primary Antibody

Name: Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide Receptor Antibody

Clone: Rabbit polyclonal

Supplier: Abcam

Catalog Number: ab13004

Dilution: 1:200 using IHC-TekTM Antibody Diluent (Cat# IW-1000 or IW-1001) to reduce background and unspecific staining and serum blocking step is NOT needed.

Incubation Time/Temp: 60 minutes/room temperature

Antigen Retrieval
Device: IHC-TekTM Epitope Retrieval Steamer Set (Cat# IW-1102)
Buffer/pH value: IHC-TekTM Epitope Retrieval Solution (Cat# IW-1100)
Heat/Cool Temperature: 95 ºC - 100 ºC/room temperature
Heat/Cool Time: 20 minutes/20 minutes

Detection Methods
Standard Method: ABC Method or LSAB Method
Enhanced Method: Polymeric Methods

Chromogen Substrate
Reagent: DAB
Incubation Time/Temperature: 1-3 minutes/room temperature

Reagent: Mayer's Hematoxylin
Staining Time: 30 seconds

Staining Pattern: Membrane/cytoplasmic
Images: Search image

Additional Information:

Species Reactivity: Human, mouse

Fixation: Formalin fixed, paraffin embedded sections

Positive Control: Pancreas (islet), small intestine.

Negative Control: Omit primary antibody, isotype control or absorption control

Blocking: 2-5% normal serum to reduce unspecific background staining; 0.5-3% H2O2 to block endogenous peroxidase activity; avidin/biotin to block endogenous biotin activity if necessary